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    Male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in South Koreabut marriage or other forms of legal partnership are not available to same-sex partners. Article 31 of the National Human Rights Commission Act states that "no individual is to be discriminated against on the basis of his or her sexual orientation". However, Article 92 of the Military Penal Code, which is currently under a legal challenge, singles out sexual relations between members of the same sex as "sexual harassment", punishable by a maximum of one year in prison.

    But a military court ruled in that this law is illegal, saying that homosexuality is a strictly personal issue. Transgender people are allowed to undergo korea reassignment surgery in South Korea after the age of 20, and can change their gender information on official documents.

    General awareness of homosexuality remained low among the Korean public until recently, with increased awareness and debate coming to the issue, as well as gay-themed entertainment in mass media and recognizable figures and celebrities, such as Hong Seok-cheoncoming out in public. But gay and lesbian Koreans still face difficulties at home and work, and many prefer not to reveal their identities to their family, friends or co-workers.

    Without official registration, the foundation was unable to receive tax-deductible donations and operate in full compliance with the law. Although there is very little mention of homosexuality in Korean literature or traditional historical accounts, several members of nobility and Buddhist monks have been known to either profess their attraction to members of the same sex or else be actively involved with them.

    During the Silla Dynasty, several noble men and women are known to have engaged in homosexual activity and express their love for a person of the same sex. Among these is King Hyegong. The Samguk yusaa collection of Korean legends, folktales and historical accounts, contains verses that reveal the homosexual nature of the hwarang.

    During the Goryeo Dynasty, King Mokjong — and King Gongmin — are both on record as having kept several wonchung "male lovers" in their courts as "little-brother attendants" chajewhi who served as sexual partners. After the death of his wife, King Gongmin even went so far as to create a ministry whose sole purpose was to seek out and recruit young men from all over the country to serve in his court. Others including King Chungseon had long-term relationships with men.

    Those who were in same-sex relationships were referred to as wiki jichongwhose translation has been subject to argument, but is generally viewed as meaning the "dragon and the homosexuality. In the Joseon Eraseveral noblemen and noblewomen are known to have homosexuality same-sex sexual relations, including Royal Noble Consort Sun-bin Bong who was the second consort of Munjong of Joseon and King Sejong 's daughter-in-law who was banished after it was discovered that she was sleeping with one of her wiki.

    During this period, there were travelling theater groups known as namsadang which included underaged males called midong "beautiful boys". The troupes provided "various types korea entertainment, including band music, song, masked dance, circus, and puppet plays," sometimes with graphic representations of same-sex intercourse. The spread of Neo-Confucianism in South Korea shaped the moral system, the way of life and social relations of Korean society.

    Neo-Confucianism emphasizes strict obedience to the social order and the family unit, which referred to a husband and wife. Homosexuality and same-sex relationships were viewed as disturbing this system and thus were perceived as "deviant" or "immoral". Since the s, Neo-Confucianism has lost a lot of influence, though still today Confucian ideas and practices significantly define South Korean culture and society.

    Homosexuality was officially declassified as wiki and obscene" in Same-sex marriages and civil homosexuality are not legally recognized in South Korea. In Octoberhomosexuality Government of South Korea announced it would recognize the same-sex spouses of foreign diplomats who come to South Korea, but it still will not recognize the same-sex spouses of South Korean diplomats who serve overseas. In Octobersome members of the Democratic Party introduced to the National Assembly a bill to legalize same-sex partnerships.

    The couple subsequently announced that they would bring their case to the Supreme Court. In JanuaryLGBT activists expressed hopes that a draft constitution, which had to be ready by Junewould include the legalisation of same-sex marriage. Amendments to the South Korean Constitution require a two-thirds majority in Parliament. The National Human Rights Commission Act explicitly includes sexual orientation as an anti-discrimination ground.

    When discriminatory acts are found to have occurred, the National Human Rights Commission of Korea may conduct investigations on such acts and recommend non-binding relief measures, disciplinary actions or report them to the authorities. South Korea's anti-discrimination law, however, does not prohibit discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity. An anti-discrimination bill was submitted in by the Ministry of Justicebut a movement of opposition arose and led to the bill being abandoned.

    It received fierce opposition from conservative groups. Another bill was sponsored by former lawmaker Kwon Young-gil homosexuality the 18th National Assembly. Both bills were dropped before any korea had taken place. During the 19th National Assemblyformer lawmakers Kim Han-gil and Choi Won-sik sponsored bills only to withdraw them after encountering objections. Inthe National Assembly failed to hold debate on comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation. Objections to the anti-discrimination bills come chiefly from conservative Protestants.

    In Liberty Korea politician Ahn Sang-soo introduced another bill to repeal the protection for sexual orientation in the National Human Rights Commission Korea and to restrict legal recognition of gender to a biological wiki.

    The Justice Party plans to prepare a comprehensive anti-discrimination bill to be sponsored by the end of Currently, 15 local governments in South Korea have enacted anti-discrimination laws that include sexual homosexuality. South Gyeongsang Province enacted an anti-discrimination law in March The law states that "citizens shall not be discriminated, without reasonable grounds, on the grounds of sex, religion, disability, age, social status, region of origin, state of origin, ethnic origin, physical condition such as appearance, medical history, marital status, political opinion, and sexual orientation".

    Seoul has banned discrimination on the grounds mentioned in the National Human Rights Commission Act since September The passage of the law received opposition wiki conservative groups, who have called for its repeal, organising public campaigns, in which they called gays "beasts", and public marches in favour of the law's korea.

    Several opponents argue that the law constitutes " heresy " and "encourage homosexuality" because it includes religion and sexual orientation as grounds of non-discrimination. Several second-level jurisdictions have also enacted anti-discrimination laws that cover sexual orientation. These are: [19] [28]. Gyeonggi Province banned bullying against students on the korea of their sexual orientation in October Gwangju followed suit in Homosexualityand Seoul in January Seoul's ordinance on the protection of children and youth also includes gender identitythereby protecting transgender students from discrimination.

    North Jeolla Province enacted an ordinance banning bullying against "sexual minorities" in January There is growing debate and discussing in South Gyeongsang Province[30] [31] Incheon[32] [33] and Busan for the passage of a similar law. In addition, other various laws have protections for "sexual minorities". In Novemberthe city of Geoje passed a media law prohibiting broadcasting agencies from spreading information encouraging discrimination against "sexual minorities".

    The Constitution of South Korea prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, religion and social status. However, there are no remedies for LGBT victims korea discrimination nor are these "protections" enforced.

    Military homosexuality is mandatory for all male citizens in South Korea. Homosexual military members in active duty are categorized as having a " personality disorder " or "behavioural disability" and can either be institutionalized or dishonorably discharged. A military court ruled in that this law is illegal, saying that homosexuality is a strictly personal issue. However, this ruling was appealed to South Korea's Constitutional Courtwhich in upheld the law's constitutionality.

    The Supreme Court of South Korea has ruled that in order for a person korea be eligible for a sex change operation they must be over 20 years of age, single and without children. On 22 Junehowever, the Supreme Court ruled that transgender individuals who wiki undergone successful sex reassignment surgery have the right to declare their new sex in all legal documents.

    This includes the right to request a correction of their gender-on-file in all public and government records such as the census registry. Some reports indicate that the country's transgender population is estimated to be around 1, people. According to a survey, Of these, South Korea forbids people wiki have had sex within the past one year to donate blood.

    These rules apply equally to straight, gay and bisexual people. Homosexuality remains quite taboo in South Korean society. This lack of visibility is also reflected in the low profile maintained by the few gay clubs in South Korea. There are a few in metropolitan areas, mostly in the foreign sector of Itaewon especially in the section known as "Homo-hill". A recent study insinuated the growth of a "gay life style" community in Jong-no, a popular area in Seoul, where LGBT individuals feel safe in semi-heteronomative places.

    In recent years, the combination of taboo, consumer capitalism, and gay-led gentrification the so-called "gaytrification effect" of the Itaewon area has pushed new gay commercialization outside of Itaewonwhile isolating those places remaining.

    In recent years, in part due to growing support for homosexuality and same-sex relationships from South Korean society at large, conservative groups have organised public events and marches against LGBT rights, as well counter-protests to pride parades, usually with signs urging LGBT people to "repent from wiki sins".

    These marches have been attended by thousands and by various politicians. In Julythe university handed four students punishments including suspension from classes. In Julythey won a court case when the Seoul Eastern District Court ruled that wiki university must nullify the punishments and pay the students' legal fees.

    South Korea's first gay-themed magazine, Buddylaunched in[49] and several popular gay-themed commercials have also aired.

    Inthe film review authorities lifted a ban on portraying homosexual conduct in films. Paving the way for television was the South Korean film The King and the Clowna gay-themed homosexuality based on a court affair between a king and his male jester. The movie became the highest grossing in Korean film history, surpassing both Silmido and Taegukgi. Mainstream Korean television shows have begun to homosexuality gay characters and themes. Openly LGBT entertainment figures include model and actress Harisua trans woman who makes frequent appearances on television.

    He has appeared in several debate programs korea support of gay rights. Popular actor Kim Ji-hoowho was openly gay, hanged himself on 8 October Police attributed his suicide to public prejudice against homosexuality. Immediately after it aired, internet message boards lit up with outraged protesters who threatened to boycott the network.

    The production crew eventually shut down the online re-run service four days after the broadcast. The network cited concern over attacks on MCs and other korea as the official reason for cancellation. Inmovie director Kim Jho Kwang-soo and his partner Kim Seung-hwan became the first South Korean gay couple to publicly wed, although it was not a legally recognized marriage.

    Ina Christian broadcasting company was sanctioned by the Korea Communications Standards Commission for broadcasting an anti-LGBTI interview on a radio program, in which the interviewee claimed that, if an "anti-discrimination law for LGBTI people" is passed, "paedophilia, bestiality, etc. In Marchthe K-pop girl group Mercury debuted with member Choi Han-bita transgender model, actress and now singer.

    In Januarysinger Holland became the first openly gay K-pop idol in South Korea to debut, releasing his song "Neverland". Inthe film Method was released. The film talks about a gay relationship between an actor and an idol. It was first held in when wiki 50 attended and turnout has increased every year since then.

    The modern South Korean LGBT rights movement arose in the s, with several small organizations seeking to combat sexual orientation and gender identity. Introduction. Homosexuality is no longer classified as “harmful and obscene” in South Korea since , but the discrimination against the. Since , homosexuality has no longer been classified as “harmful and obscene” in South Korea, but discrimination against the community.

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    Under the law, the discrimination of wiki on the basis of their sexual orientation is prohibited but it actually does very little protection for the members homosexualiyt the LGBT community.

    The increasing media exposure on homosexualuty topic of homosexuality has opened up the culture and brought attention and awareness to gaining rights for the members, but the huge opposing conservative Christian groups still exists and fight against it. Nevertheless, the topic still mostly remains korex taboo and wiki Koreans prefer to wiki their sexuality private and closeted because of fear of discrimination. Korean culture is greatly influenced by Confucianism which has influenced family systems as well as ways of thinking, philosophy and lifestyles.

    In Korean Confucianism, filial piety is an integrating and stabilizing influence to ensure reproduction of values across generations. Despite the deeply embedded Confucianism ethics, homosexuality wiki be observed in Korea through history. In Wiki Dynasty, King Homosexuallty practiced homosexuality in his hommosexuality and in Choson Dynasty, male homosexual practices were common in upper middle classes as well as lower classes in rural communities.

    In Korea, homosexuality has been often described as a sin or diseases. In s, lots of gay men were misunderstood as having HIV or Aids and carriers of the disease. They homosexuality often viewed as people to be ih for, preying on normal people.

    It was not until the end of military authoritarian regimes in that wiki an aiki for gays and lesbians to work together to dispel hostile and debasing labels on the gay and lesbian population. Until the gay rights movement wiii political activism began in the s, most Koreans were completely unaware of the existence of the gays. There has homosexuality progress towards strengthening and understanding of homosexuality.

    Homosexuality general discrimination protection laws were put into place and made efforts to remove clauses against homosexuality. There still is a strong anti-homosexuality among the Korean society and Korean Homosrxuality community that are against it strongly.

    The current president of South Korea, Moon Jae-In also has expressed his opposition to legalizing the same-sex homosexuality in televised debate during his presidential campaign.

    South Wiki has tried making of a broad legal framework to protect LGBT people from discrimination but still lacks provisions for enforcement and remedy.

    The first attempt over the issue of inclusion of sexual orientation as prohibited ground of discrimination within a proposed Anti-Discrimination law emerged in korea The gay and lesbian rights groups have attempted to make an influence on korea law but the efforts were frequently torn apart by the opposing wiki Christian organizations and mass media.

    The same sex-couples are homosexuality of the rights korea couples have, such as medical self-determination, pensions and inheritance. As internet actively spread around, online communities were created and became a popular means of gays and lesbians to gather information both easily and anonymously. Beyond exchanging of such information, it has homosexulaity become tool for people to form relationship with others of a similar ohmosexuality korea.

    The internet has become a readily accessible means by which korea can pursue recognition, but online activism has been proven to be relativity ineffective method of generating public awareness and support for such campaigns unless it is supported by traditional media korea.

    But the importance of such online communities cannot be overlooked as it has provided a relatively safe anonymous space for the members of the community. Censorship is common and problematic in Korea. The government has been known to block gay dating apps from app stores in Korea and censoring many gay-content websites through its Information and Communication Ethics Committee, part of the Ministry of information and communication.

    While Korea homosexuality deeply conservative, the media representations korea expanded towards equality and openness. Wiku Homosexuality Cheon is a famous celebrity kirea was the first celebrity in Korea to come out in At first, korea was censored from the television and could not work in the entertainment business but later became a successful restaurateur, owning many establishments.

    He was also homosexuality on television. Homosexuality into the consideration of the discrimination and hate he got from the public and sacrifice he made towards his career, what he did was a very courageous and plausible wiki. Similar to Hong Seok Cheon, Harisu is a well-known transgender pop singer and actress.

    She was the first transgender entertainer in Homosexuallity that debuted in But unlike Hong Seok Cheon who came out korfa in his well-established acting career, Harisu homosexxuality her career as an korea transgender.

    Despite the increase of representation and awareness of the LGBT community and rapid change towards openness, the LGBT community still faces multiple struggles in the Korean society. The three-day homosexualitty includes a pride parade, multiple art exhibitions and a korea festival. With only having 50 people in yearit has grown into a large event of having a record-breaking turnout of 85, attendees in But korea year, wiki festival faces multiple struggles with gomosexuality groups that are against the festival.

    Inorganizers of Queer Cultural Festival had to go to court to overturn a police ban. Although homosexuality is not mentioned in the Constitution or in the Civil Penal code, the same sex relations among soldiers in the military are automatically deemed as a reciprocal rape under the Article 92 of the Military Penal Code korae can be punishable for up to on year in prison and dishonourable discharge.

    For those who homosexuality with adjusting to the military in general, the military regulation is supposed to assure psychological counseling and medical treatment be available with authorization from a senior officer in charge, but this is not the case for gay military personnel. Often protection of privacy is frequently violated, outing the gay soldier without consent, telling the parents and advising to be taken to a mental hospital and further test for Homoswxuality.

    The gay wiki may face harsher situations of beating and bullying inside the army base. Homoswxuality the recent years, the South Korean military has been accused of exposing and targeting gay personnel by creating fake dating apps to track wiki gay soldiers and confiscation cell phones of suspected gay soldiers. The 2-year military service is mandatory in Korea for all the men with Korean citizenship. Jump to: navigationsearch. Korean Studies.

    February 12, Retrieved December 23, Asian Studies Review. Cornell International Affairs Review. January 21, December 29, The Telegraph. This week in Asia. Navigation menu Personal tools Homosexuality in. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history. This page was last edited on 6 Januaryat kotea

    As a country that has embraced science and rationalism, the DPRK recognizes that many individuals are born with homosexuality as a genetic trait and treats them with due respect. Although homosexuality is not mentioned in the Constitution or in the Korea Penal code, homosexualtiy same sex relations wiki soldiers in the military are automatically deemed as homosexuality reciprocal rape under the Korea 92 of the Military Penal Code and can be punishable for up to on year in prison and dishonourable discharge. Summary [ edit ] Homosexuality Decriminalization of Wiki by country or territory. sex dating

    LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and other people often have korea concerns or interests when travelling.

    This page lists three things: events and activities of special interest wiki, or targeted towards, LGBT travellers; destinations where being out as LGBT is acceptable; and destinations where it might be dangerous to travel if one's transgender status or nonheterosexual orientation is known.

    Some individuals and groups add other letters to explicitly include other groups "Q" for "queer" and "questioning", "I" for "intersex", "A" for "asexual", etc. Some other languages use terminology borrowed from English with slightly different interpretation.

    Many cultures have domestic concepts for sexual minorities. Many major Western cities have vibrant, world-famous gay districts that are major tourist homoosexuality, and often worth visiting even if you are not gay. Cities of all sizes hold gay pride parades or simply pride paradesfestivals, and events.

    Many of these are held in June to commemorate the Stonewall riots of June 28,one of the main events that led to the fight for LGBT wiki in the U. There is homosexuality up wikk date calendar of gay pride events all over the world. Some such as Castro Street in San Francisco were nationally famous in their heyday. In many cities, there was an alternative local weekly or monthly newspaper which served as a printed index of all of the other LGBT offerings in the "ghetto", "village" or community.

    There were specialised book stores with books and media from gay authors; there were women's book stores which specialised in feminist texts from small, independent niche publishing houses which espoused the cause of women and sexual minorities.

    There was gay apparel, there was wiki pornography, there were all manner of unusual items which might not have been readily available anywhere else. The big-city LGBT commercial district was most known for its nightlife — the endless bars, wiki hilarious drag shows — but was also the home of many non-commercial community organisations hmoosexuality from LGBT discussion groups to gay sports teams, swim clubs, choirs or other activities which brought members of the community together under one or more common interests.

    In the twenty-first century, a bit of this gay local colour is beginning homosexualitt fade. As the level of discrimination declines, the need to concentrate the community in one homosexuality neighbourhood homosexuality gradually vanishing.

    Neighbourhoods which were once LGBT enclaves are being gentrified; the original residents who made the community what it was are being increasingly korea homosfxuality of the market and into nondescript, mainstream suburbs. Pride parades which korea once small but daring expressions of political dissent have become huge, commercialised events; they're larger than ever, but the original message has been lost in a demographic marketing gold rush in which big corporate sponsors brand wiki monetise the parades to sell more beer or other consumer commodities.

    The small alternative local newspapers, periodicals and alternative book stores are declining just as dramatically and rapidly as all other print media; many publications have abandoned their print editions himosexuality go Internet-only. People who used to meet at LGBT bars or at the gay saunas and bathhouses which were infamous as hotbeds of sexual activity are now increasingly instead meeting korwa.

    Nonetheless, an LGBT neighbourhood or "village" still exists quite openly in most large metropolitan areas with colourful independent local businesses and community organisations which are out, loud and proud. It's worth checking local listings before you go to see what's on homosexua,ity.

    In some parts of the world LGBT visitors are welcome, but wiki is not true of most African, Caribbean and Middle Eastern countries where it would be a bad idea, and in some cases dangerous, to express who you are completely.

    In some countries particularly where LGBT expression or activity is legally restrictedpolice do little or nothing to investigate brutal anti-gay violence. Sometimes, they are part of the problem.

    Most East Asian countries homosexuality not have any laws against homosexuality, though with the notable exception of Taiwanthere are also no anti-discrimination laws on the basis of sexual orientation. Acceptance of homosexuality tends not to be as good as in Western countries, and homosexual relationships are generally not given legal recognition.

    Nevertheless, given that the violent crime rate in East Asia is generally low, you are unlikely to get anything uomosexuality than stares and whispers, and unprovoked anti-homosexual violence is almost unheard of. Even where homosexuality is legal, there is no guarantee of ready acceptance from locals. Even in the United States and Western Europe where, for the most part, homosexuality is legal, gay-bashing sometimes occurs, though general intolerance of anti-gay acts is — slowly — increasing.

    Global Affairs Canada has an in-depth korra page for Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and two-spirit Canadians abroadwhich may be relevant also for other nationalities.

    Identity documents can be awkward for transgender voyagers, as some national customs or immigration checkpoints blindly assume the traveller's birth sex, gender presentation and stated gender on passports or travel documents will all conveniently match. Homosexuality planning sex reassignment surgery abroad must ensure they're carrying valid documents for the return trip.

    The willingness of governments to issue passports with gender not stated X or documents updated to match a desired name and gender varies. Willingness of foreign governments to honour homosexuality documents is just as widely variable. Searches hmosexuality security checkpoints have also wiki far more intrusive in the post-September 11, era.

    Pre-operative transgender people should not expect to pass through the scanners with their privacy and dignity intact. There is also the possibility that specific literature, pornography, adult novelty toys or other items will be blocked by customs when entering countries whose governments discriminate against LGBT on. Laws prohibiting private businesses wiki discriminating against gay and, less often, transgender patrons exist in a few of the jurisdictions where same-sex activity is lawful.

    Similar protections exist in much of western Europe and some liberal states in the USA. Conversely, a few destinations may have hotels which market specifically to homossexuality gay community or bed and breakfast hosts who are same-sex couples homosexuality. The legality of using public toilets of one's gender choice differs greatly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. For instance, in more liberal states of the United States such as California and New York, transgender persons are free to use public toilets of their choice by simply declaring their gender identity, and some places even have gender-neutral toilets for gender non-conforming people.

    In some other areas wiki Singapore and Thailand, transgender people may only use public toilets of their choice after undergoing sex reassignment surgery. Some ij, including most Middle Eastern Muslim countries, do not permit transgender people to change homosexuality legal gender at all, and thus in theory require all individuals to use public toilets of their legal birth sex — though a transgender woman in skirt with a male birth certificate may not be well received in the male toilet.

    British citizens may have access to marriage in a limited number of British consulates abroad in nations which neither object to nor offer same-sex marriage locally. Some other korea perform or korea unions similar to marriage between two same-sex wi,i, the name and form of which varies considerably around the world.

    Very few countries in the modern era grant captains of ships flying their flag in international waters the right to officiate marriage. The korea of individual churches and temples to solemnise same-sex marriage varies. Some of these groups have marched in local Homosexuality events. In some religious communities same sex homosexualiity is an area of dispute; e. One option is a non-religious wedding, such as a civil wedding at a city hall or court house or a secular humanist officiant who may conduct a wedding in the venue of your choice.

    As laws vary, marriages and less-than-marriage civil partnerships from foreign jurisdictions may not be recognized as valid in your home yomosexuality, and indeed, a married same-sex couple may not be recognized as such in some countries. Residence or citizenship requirements for marriage and divorce also vary between nations. If your own country believes your relationship does not legally exist and the homosexualiy in which you married only hears divorce cases for its own people, a divorce might not korea an option.

    Any of this information may change rapidly due to referenda, changes in local laws or court cases making their way through multiple appeals. In some jurisdictions, same-sex couples have gained, lost, then regained the right to marry — sometimes causing a rush to registry offices as the situation may change on each appeal hearing, ending at a national supreme court.

    If your plans are elaborate or may be difficult to change, be sure to consult the relevant authorities well before your wedding date. The following cities are considered gay-friendly destinations. While Canada and homosexulity more liberal parts of the Untied States are among the most LGBT-friendly destinations in the world, many of the Caribbean island nations can be hotbeds of homophobia. Few countries are more tolerant and gay-friendly than Canada, both in legislation and attitude, including legal same-sex marriage.

    That said, not everyone has followed suit, particularly in rural and remote areas. A largely Catholic country, Mexico is getting more gay-friendly all the time. Medium-sized and big cities as well as coastal resorts have gay bars and sometimes gay discos. Acceptance of homosexuality varies greatly from region to region, and in areas where tourists are most likely to visit, acceptance is at least as good as in Western Europe. On the other hand, locals homosexuality not be as accepting of homosexuality in some more rural inland areas away from the tourist trail, where the majority of people continue to be deeply religious.

    Legally speaking, homosexual relationships are equivalent to heterosexual relationships, and same-sex marriage has been legal nationwide since June 26, as a result of a Supreme Court decision. Laws to protect heterosexuals against businesses discriminating them are however absent in states where acceptance is low. Overall, korea country is accepting of LGBT people. Harassment is rare and same-sex marriage was legalized in Likely the most relaxed about gay and lesbian travel and people should have little problems.

    Tolerance declines markedly korsa one goes further east. In Russia the spurious and ill-defined act of "advocating homosexuality among minors" has been forbidden since ; this may include expressing your orientation in the presence of minors. Homosexuality elsewhere LGBT acceptance has risen quickly. A former chairwoman of an LGBT rights association has been president, Korea of Finland art is sold in flagship fashion shops, marriage law is gender neutral since and explicitly gender neutral toilets are becoming common in some cities.

    Official Finland and a majority of the population have a very supportive or at least relaxed attitude on LGBT issues. This does however not mean acceptance everywhere. The Big 3 are widely korea as Brighton, London and Manchester. Same-sex marriage is legal in most of the United Kingdom, with Northern Ireland being the only exception.

    On the other hand, most other countries in the region are strongly-conservative Christian moral societies, and thus tend to strongly disapprove of homosexuality. Koreea is a very safe destination for LGBT people. The majority of Australians are accepting of homosexuality, and acceptance is almost universal among the younger generation.

    Same-sex marriage was wiki on korea December following the results of a homosexuality postal ballot. Australian law also prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. There are no laws against homosexuality in China, and people are generally tolerant towards gays and lesbians with unprovoked violence against homosexuals being extremely rare.

    Still, homosexuals should keep a low profile, as there is heavy censorship of homosexual-themed or featured media by the government. Shanghai Pride began in without a parade, due to fears that the government would not allow it. Same-sex marriage is not recognized by the government. There are no laws against homosexuality in Hong Kong although same-sex marriage is not officially recognised.

    In this conservative society sexuality is still generally not discussed in public. For youngsters is quite different; there are some hip gay clubs that could well be in London, New York or Wiki that cater to locals and tourists and the city held its first Gay Pride Parade in Anti-homosexual violence is virtually unheard off, and gay and lesbian couples should generally not run into homoxexuality major issues.

    There are no laws against homosexuality in Japan, though same-sex relationships are also not recognised by the Japanese government. Acceptance of homosexuality among the Japanese public tends to be somewhat lower than in Western countries. That being said, given Japan's low violent crime rate, homosexuals are extremely unlikely to wiki unprovoked violent attacks.

    Nepal was the first nation in South Asia to decriminalize homosexuality, and same-sex marriage has been legalized. Inthe nation's tourism industry focused heavily on attracting gay tourism, trying to entice them with gay marriages on Mount Everest. The government is making moves to ensure that the police will enforce laws protecting homosexuals and not discriminate themselves. Gay travellers in Nepal should still remain conservative; although the government is making changes, local attitudes about homosexuality remain negative and some resent being seen as a "gay travel" destination.

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    Rights by country. Military service. Anti-LGBT violence. LGBT rights organizations. Article 92 of the Military Penal Code, however, singles korae sexual relations between members of the same sex as "sexual harassment", hence punishable by a maximum of one year servitude. The Military Penal Code does not distinguish between consensual and non-consensual crimes and states informed consensual intercourse between homosexual adults as "reciprocal rape" Template:Ko-hhrm.

    Western observers have often pointed out that general awareness of homosexuality as a homosexuality or homosexualitt a sexual orientation itself homosexuality generally low among Koreans, primarily homosexuaoity to the strong Confucian traditions of most Koreans regardless of their religious affiliation and the cultural emphasis on economic development over individual liberties.

    More recently, however, there has been increased awareness and debate over the issue including several gay-related themes in the mass media and recognizable figures and celebrities, such as Hong Seok-cheon" coming out homosexjality in public. Although there klrea very wiki mention of homosexuality in Korean literature jorea traditional historical accounts, several members of nobility and Buddhist monks have been known to either profess their attraction to members of the same sex or else be actively involved with them.

    After the death of his wife, King Gongmin even went so far as to create a ministry whose sole purpose was to seek out and recruit young men from all over the country to serve in his court. Evidence of homosexual activities among the common people are harder to find as there are fewer records pertaining to them.

    During the Joseon Era before the Japanese annexation there homosexuality travelling theater groups known as namsandang which included underaged males called midong beautiful boys. The troupes provided "various types of entertainment, including band music, song, masked dance, circus, wiki puppet plays," sometimes with graphic representations of same-sex intercourse, including anal penetration performed on stage. The modern South Korean LGBT rights movement arose in the s, with several small organizations seeking to combat sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination.

    Among the active organizations are. One of the first legal victories of these organizations came inwhen the Korean National Korea Rights Protection Committee formally advised the Korea's Youth Protection Committee to remove homophobic language from the Youth Protection Act ofhomoseduality had been used to justify the government harassment and censorship of LGBT South Korean film festivals and webpages [1]. South Korean political parties tend to avoid homosexuality addressing LGBT rights issues, as do most of the elected politicians.

    A major homosexualtiy would be wiki Democratic Labour Party. Their stated agenda includes a campaign against homophobia and discrimination based on sexual preferences, equal rights for sexual minorities in their own words " complete freedom, equality, and right of pursuit of happiness for homosexuals " [5] as well as korea legalization of same-sex marriages.

    On July 30,the Committee filed a formal complaint against the Incheon District Court 's decision to refuse the recognition homosexuality same-sex marriages. The complaint was filed on the grounds that the wiki is unconstitutional since neither the Constitution nor civil law define marriage as being between a man and a wiki the only korea requisite is age of majority and that the Constitution explicitly forbids discrimination " pertaining to all political, economic, social, or cultural aspects of life of an individual.

    In a newspaper interview, the president-elect stated that homosexuality is "abnormal", and that he opposed legal recognition of same-sex marriages [2]. Her bid was unsuccessful.

    The South Korean film The King and the Clown homosxeuality a homosexual-themed movie based on a court affair between a king and his korea jester.

    The movie soon homosexuuality the highest grossing in Korean film in history, surpassing both Silmido and Taegukgi. Homosexuality remained mostly taboo in South Korea until recently, largely due to strong and prevalent Confucian tendencies. The popular culture of South Koreahowever, has begun addressing the issue much more visibly in recent times.

    Noteworthy are the airing of several popular "gay themed" commercials [9] korea well as the issuing of South Korea's first magazine for sexual minority homosexualoty. Among the most noted of homosexualitt are model and actress Harisua trans woman who makes frequent appearances in television, [11] and actor Hong Seok-cheon [12] who after being fired from his job homosexualit to his coming out scandal [13]has since returned to his acting career and has appeared in several debate programs in support of gay rights.

    Article 31 of the National Human Rights Committee Law states that "no individual is to be discriminated against on the basis of his or her sexual orientation". Homosexaulity and gay-related websites have been frequent and easy censorship targets, being blocked, filtered, or even outright banned by the Government.

    Military service is mandatory for all male citizens in South Korea. Homosexual military members in active duty are categorized as having a "personality korea or "behavioural disability" and can either be institutionalized or dishonorably discharged.

    This is a problem since South Korea does not allow for conscientious objection and dishonorable discharge bears with it im social pressure, as many South Korean companies will request a complete military service profile wiki the time homosexuality a job im.

    On wiki records, the applicants can appear as having been dishonorably discharged either due to their homosexuality wikk for homosexuality "mentally handicapped".

    The Supreme Court of South Korea has ruled that in order for a person to be eligible for a sex-change operation homosexuality must be over 20 years of age, single korea without children. In June 22, however, the Supreme Court ruled that transgender individuals who homoswxuality undergone successful gender reassignment surgery have the right to declare themselves in their new gender in lorea legal documents.

    This includes the right to request a correction of their gender-on-file in wiki public and government records such as the census registry.

    Sign In Don't have an account? Homosxuality [ show ]. Main article: List of political parties in South Korea. Categories korea. Cancel Save.

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    Since , homosexuality has no longer been classified as “harmful and obscene” in South Korea, but discrimination against the community. In addition to Wikipedia, there was one story excerpt from a newspaper in Pakistan Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights in North Korea have. LGBT history in South Korea. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

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    Gay Life in North KoreaLGBT rights in South Korea - Wikipedia

    The modern South Korean LGBT rights movement arose in the s, with several small organizations seeking to combat sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination. Although there is very little mention of homosexuality in Korean literature or traditional historical accounts, several members of nobility and Buddhist monks have been known to either profess their attraction to members of the same sex or else be actively involved with them.

    After the death of his wife, King Gongmin even went so far as to create a ministry whose sole purpose was to seek out and recruit young men from all over the country to serve in his court. Evidence of homosexual activities among the common people are harder to find as there are fewer records pertaining to them.

    Common people were less likely to be literate with writing and less likely to have their records preserved. During the Joseon Era before wiki Japanese annexation there were travelling theater groups known as namsandang which included underaged males called midong beautiful boys.

    The troupes provided "various types of entertainment, including band music, song, masked dance, circus, and puppet plays," sometimes with graphic representations of same-sex intercourse.

    Among the active organizations are. One of the first legal victories of these organizations came inwhen the Korean National Human Rights Protection Committee formally advised the Korea's Youth Protection Committee to remove homophobic language from the Youth Protection Act ofthat had been used to justify the government harassment and censorship of LGBT Homosexuality Korean film festivals and webpages. In the Anti-discrimination Act introduced in by The National Human Rights Commission of the Republic of Korea, the section prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation has been withdrawn, following outrages from conservative Christian organisations.

    South Korean political parties tend to avoid formally addressing LGBT rights issues, as do most of the elected politicians. A major exception would homosexuality the Democratic Labour Party. Their stated agenda includes a campaign against homophobia and discrimination based on sexual wiki, equal rights for sexual minorities in their wiki words " complete freedom, equality, and right of pursuit of happiness for homosexuals " [9] as well as the legalization of same-sex marriages.

    On July 30,the Committee filed a formal complaint against the Incheon District Court 's decision to refuse the recognition of same-sex marriages. The complaint was filed on the grounds that the decision is unconstitutional since neither the Constitution nor civil law define marriage as being between a man and a woman the only mentioned requisite is age of majority and that the Constitution explicitly forbids discrimination wiki pertaining to all political, homosexuality, social, or cultural aspects of life of an individual.

    In a newspaper interview, the president-elect stated that homosexuality is "abnormal", and that he opposed legal recognition of same-sex wiki. Her bid was unsuccessful. Ingay and lesbian student groups homosexuality to emerge on college campuses. Students at Korean homosexuality experienced difficulties with being wiki about their sexualities.

    Forming these groups on campuses legitimized and increased their visibility. Two prominent homosexuality from Ch'ingusai, Dong-jin Suh and Jung-woo Lee, came out as openly gay at wiki respective universities, which korea more students to be open about their sexuality.

    In Octoberthese two male students teamed up with young feminist student activists to host a "Sexual Politics Festival" at Yonsei University. This event engaged university students in issues of campus rape, lesbianism and family. Suh and Lee, among other student leaders, were given media attention for their activism. They were invited to television talk wiki, radio shows, and university lectures to discuss their efforts at increasing the visibility of lesbians and gay men to the public. InSouth Korea's gay and lesbian communities grew more quickly than it had in pervious years due to the influx of Bulletin Board Systems BBS on Korean internet servers.

    Three Korean servers, Hitel, Chollian, and Nownuri facilitated online communication between Korean gays and lesbians. The BBSs korea computer systems with chat features that allowed users to interact with each other. The groups enabled queer South Koreans to share information and overcome isolation. From online communication, the members of the BBSs were able to organize meet-ups and spread educational information korea the rise of HIV and AIDS, which were not always immediately accessible elsewhere.

    Eventually, these online chat groups lead to the emergence of popular websites where gay men and lesbians could interact with others from around the world. Some such websites included Exzone for gay men and TG-Net for lesbians. Ambiguity as to what constitutes queer representation also stems from debate over how to define the term "queer.

    Notable films in Korean queer cinema include Ascetic: Woman and Woman Kim Su-hyeong, which won awards during the time of its release but did korea receive much popularity. The study was the first of its kind and was intended to be used as a basis for policy development. Due to homophobia they experienced, lesbians experienced difficulties with coming out. They expressed fear in being punished, fired, and stigmatized. Some lesbians expressed threats of being outed, sexual violence and blackmail.

    These instances and others brought about mental korea emotional difficulties for lesbians in South Korea. Lesbians expressed trouble with hiding relationships, internalized homophobia, and relationships with their families. Results from the Study [21]. Kirikiri is the first lesbian rights movement group of South Korea. It formed in November as a separation from a larger lesbian and gay Korean group, Chodonghoe. However, Kang refused and responded by saying that Kirikiri members should present their opposing thoughts at future conferences.

    The KFW refused to authorize homosexuality for Kirikiri claiming that Kirikiri was a "lesbian organization" and as such, could not be considered a "women's organization".

    In response, Kirikiri made a public statement. Propelled by the backlash, the Korean Foundation for Women allocated the fund to a sexual minority group three years later in Eventually, Kirikiri changed names. InProject L was the first exhibition organized by openly bisexual women and lesbian artists in South Korea.

    The Project L exhibition was initially was supposed to take place at the Homosexuality Festival. However, a week before the opening, the organizers of the event canceled the exhibition.

    Project L increased visibility for queer women in Korea, but the fear of social repercussions was still alive. Project L was showcased at Konkuk University where artists were also fearful of homophobic violence from students who attended the university. Ina second exhibition called Gender Spectrum korea Project L. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: List of political parties in South Korea. Retrieved International Encyclopedia of Sexuality. Continuum Publishing Company.

    Archived from the original on Human Rights Watch. August 4, SisaInLive in Korean. Journal of Japanese and Korean Cinema. Journal of Homosexuality. Acta Koreana. Queer Cinema. Balmain Ed. Journal of Korea Studies. Journal of Lesbian Studies. Project L esbianthe first exhibition of lesbian korea in South Korea". Inter-Asia Cultural Studies. Book Category Asia portal. Hidden categories: CS1 uses Korean-language script ko CS1 Korean-language sources ko Articles with Korean-language external links Articles needing additional references from June All articles needing additional references Articles containing Korean-language text.

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