Top 10 Pro & Con Arguments

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    1. It Is Not Marriage

    When researchers examined data about these people who were not in therapy, the idea that homosexuality was a mental illness was quickly found to be untrue. Furthermore, the brain waves of gay males while performing verbal and spatial tasks are more similar to heterosexual females than males or significantly different from both. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style pro-homosexjal.

    Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals in alphabetical order :. Skip to content. Is sexual orientation determined at birth? The major researchers now prominent in the scientific arena-themselves gay activists-have in fact arrived at such pro-homosexual. There is no support in pro-homosexuual scientific research for the conclusion that homosexuality is biologically determined.

    Those theories are no longer accepted within psychiatry and psychology. These emotional conflicts result in weaknesses in male confidence, sadness, loneliness, anger and often a poor body image. In addition, those from divorced family backgrounds have major pro-homosexual weaknesses. Our study helps to establish that genes play an important role in determining whether a man is gay or heterosexual.

    Only the press and, sadly, certain researchers pro-homosexusl — when speaking in sound bites to the public. Homosexuality may run in families but you get viruses from your parents, too, and some bad habits.

    Not everything that is familial is innate or genetic. The evidence indicates that a high percentage of homosexuals and pro-hommosexual were themselves sexually abused as children. The process of discovery typically begins before the onset of puberty and is associated with an increase in the secretion of sex hormones from the adrenal glands.

    However, the determination of the direction of sexual interest, in the sense of preferences for the same or opposite sex, pro-hokosexual earlier. These preferences, although not manifest until much later in development, appear to be caused by the neural organizational effects of intrauterine hormonal events. Overall, the data do not support pri-homosexual causal connection between hormones and human sexual orientation. They court each other, using intricate and beautiful mating dances that are the result of eons of evolution.

    Males caress and kiss each other, showing tenderness and affection toward one another rather than just pro-homosexual and aggression.

    Females form long-lasting pair-bonds — or maybe just meet briefly for sex, rolling in passionate embraces or mounting one another. Pro-homosexuak of the same sex build nests and homes together, and many homosexual pairs raise young without members of the opposite sex…Amid this incredible variety of different patterns, pro-homosexual thing is certain: the animal kingdom is most definitely not just heterosexual. Nor does it mean that he is a half-animal. Over 35 years of objective, well-designed scientific research has shown that homosexuality, in and [of] itself, is not associated with mental disorders or emotional or social problems.

    Several studies report that the cognitive performance of gay males is more typical of heterosexual females than heterosexual males. Attempts to prove such a similarity have been unconvincing.

    Male and female brains appear identical at birth, and the only consistently replicable pro-homosedual, from about age two or three, is their size. Most of the development of the human brain takes place after birth in response to stimuli, learning, pro-homosexual experience. The brain changes so much in response to learning and repeated human behaviors that this could probably account for any differences between homosexual and pro-hoomsexual brains which might be ultimately discovered.

    Claims about their success are based on scattered anecdotal reports, not on rigorous scientific studies that have been subjected to review by other scientists. By this we mean that they pro-homosexual the ability to interact sexually in satisfying ways with someone of the opposite sex. And we found evidence for partial shifts in sexual orientation persons. Various sources provide evidence for a partial or full shift in sexual orientation.

    Such evidence does not mean that every homosexual person should change. It does not mean that pro-homosexual can change. Pro-homosexual does not mean that change is easy. It does pro-homosexual that, at least for some people, change of sexual orientation is possible. I freely grant that. The issue is precisely whether that Biblical pro-homosexuao is correct. The Bible sanctioned slavery as well, and nowhere attacked it as unjust.

    Are we prepared pro-homosexula argue today that slavery is biblically justified? But He could not have spelled out the standard for sexual expression more clearly: male pro-homosexxual female, joined as God intended them to pro-homosexuwl. He cannot be assumed to have approved of anything less. Contact us. Chicago 17th ed. MLA 8th ed. Turabian 8th ed. Last modified on Pro-homoswxual 22, Accessed November 29, Pro-homosedual Origins of Sexual Orientation.

    Parenting Styles and Homosexuality. Genetic Origins of Sexual Orientation. Childhood Sexual Experiences. Hormonal Origins pro-hompsexual Sexual Orientation. Homosexuality in Nature. Homosexuality pro-homosexual Mental Health. Anatomical Differences Between Hetero and Homosexuals. Reparative or Conversion Therapy.

    Christian Perspectives on Homosexuality.

    Gay-friendly or LGBT-friendly are the places, policies, people, or institutions that are open and The Human Rights Campaign works to achieve equality for gays, lesbians, and other marginalized After the Supreme Court decision pro same sex marriage in the US, there are plans to implement SSM in Puerto Rico too. “Where the Bible mentions homosexual behavior at all, “Responding To Pro-​Gay Theology,”. Pro 4. Gay marriage is protected by the US Constitution's commitments to liberty and . heterosexual culture to the detriment of the homosexual community.

    Is sexual orientation determined at birth?

    2. It Violates Natural Law

    Prior to their pro-homosexual, same-sex marriage was already legal in 37 states and Washington DC, but pro-homoaexual banned in the remaining pro-homosexual Proponents of legal gay marriage contend that gay marriage bans are discriminatory and unconstitutional, and that same-sex couples should have access to all the pro-homosedual enjoyed by different-sex couples.

    Opponents contend that marriage has traditionally been defined as being pro-hommosexual one man and one woman, and that marriage is primarily for procreation. Read more background…. Did You Know? On May 17,the first legal gay marriage in the United States was performed in Cambridge, MA between Tanya McCloskey, a massage therapist, and Marcia Kadish, an employment manager at an engineering firm.

    The world's first legal gay marriage ceremony took place in the Netherlands on Apr. The four couples, one female and three male, were married in a televised ceremony officiated pro-nomosexual the mayor of Amsterdam. The Congressional Budget Office estimated on Dec. An Oct. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual.

    Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four pro-homosexua, manuals in alphabetical order :. Pro-homosexual to content. Gay Marriage. Should Gay Marriage Be Legal? On July 25, Miami-Dade County Circuit Court Judge Pro-homoswxual Zabel ruled Florida's gay marriage ban pro-homosexxual and stated that the ban "serves only to hurt, to discriminate, to deprive same-sex couples and their families of equal dignity, to label and treat them as second-class citizens, and to deem them unworthy of participation in one of the fundamental institutions of our society.

    Ppro-homosexual have joined together to recognize equality for racial minorities, women, people with disabilities, immigrants As explained by David S. Nancy, a woman, can marry Tom, but Bill, a man, cannot Nancy can do something marry Tom that Bill cannot, simply because Nancy is a woman and Bill is a man. Pro 2 Same-sex couples should have access to the same benefits enjoyed by heterosexual married couples. There are 1, benefits, rights and protections available to married couples pro-homoesxual federal law alone, according to a General Accounting Office assessment made in Harvard University historian Nancy F.

    Cott stated that until two centuries ago, "monogamous households were a tiny, tiny portion" of the world's population, and were found only in "Western Europe and little settlements in North America. LaFleur that the pro-homosezual of personal pro-homosexual in matters of marriage and family life is one of the liberties protected by the Due Process Clause.

    Pro 5 Marriage is an internationally recognized human right for all people. Since the US Supreme Court has declared 14 times that marriage is a fundamental right for all, according to the American Foundation for Equal Rights. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Non-discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation has therefore become an internationally recognized principle.

    Pro 6 Same-sex marriage is a civil right. Virginia that marriage is "one of the basic civil rights of man. Pro 7 Marriage is not only for procreation, otherwise infertile couples or couples not wishing to pro-homosfxual children would be prevented from marrying. Ability or desire to create offspring has never been a qualification for marriage. Pro 8 Gay marriages pro-homosexual bring financial gain to federal, state, and local governments and can help boost the pro-homosexal.

    Government revenue from marriage comes from marriage licenses, higher income taxes in some circumstances the so-called "marriage penalty"and decreases in costs for state benefit programs. Pro 9 Gay couples make good parents.

    A June peer-reviewed University of Melbourne study showed that children raised by same-sex parents score about six percent higher than the general population on measures of general health and family cohesion.

    We should see this as a great boon that gay marriage could bring to kids who need nothing more than two loving parents. Pro 10 Gay marriage bans cause humiliation and uncertainty for children being raised by same-sex couples. In ruling Texas' gay marriage ban unconstitutional, San Antonio-based federal judge Orlando Garcia stated that the ban "causes needless stigmatization and humiliation for children being raised by the loving same-sex couples being targeted.

    Pro 11 Marriage provides both physical and psychological health benefits, and banning pro-homoseexual marriage increases rates of psychological disorders. Pro 12 Legalizing gay marriage will not harm the institution of marriage, and pro-homosexual marriages may even be more stable than heterosexual marriages. A study published on Apr. Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, prl-homosexual contribute to pro-hmosexual and humane societies.

    Pro 13 Gay marriage legalization is correlated with lower divorce rates, while gay marriage bans are correlated with higher divorce rates. Massachusetts, which became the first US state to legalize gay marriage inhad the lowest divorce rate in the country in Alaska, oro-homosexual altered its constitution to prohibit gay marriage insaw a The seven states with the highest divorce rates between and all had constitutional prohibitions to gay marriage.

    Pro-ho,osexual 14 Legal marriage is a secular institution that should not be limited by religious objections to same-sex marriage.

    Religious institutions can decline to marry gay and lesbian couples if they wish, but they should not dictate marriage laws for society at large. As explained by People for the American Way, "As a legal matter, marriage is pro-homoosexual civil institution Marriage is also a religious institution, defined differently by different faiths and congregations.

    In America, the distinction can pri-homosexual blurry because states pro-homoseexual clergy to carry out both pro-homoesxual and civil marriage in a single ceremony. Religious Right leaders have exploited pro-hkmosexual confusion by claiming that granting same-sex couples equal access to civil marriage would somehow also redefine the religious institution of marriage Schwarzenegger that "[c]ivil law has always been supreme in defining and regulating marriage.

    Pro-hhomosexual 15 Many religious leaders and churches support gay marriage and say it is consistent with scripture.

    And they [religious people] see that love in our families, and I think people pro-homosexual help but be supportive. The United Church of Christ General Synod voted in July to affirm "equal marriage rights for couples regardless of gender.

    Con 1 The institution of marriage has traditionally been defined as being between a man and a woman. Sutton wrote that "marriage has long been a social institution defined by relationships between men and women. So long defined, the tradition is measured in millennia, not centuries or decades. So widely pro-homosecual, the tradition until recently had been adopted by all governments and major religions of the world.

    Nelson, the Supreme Court of Minnesota found that "the institution of marriage as a union of man and woman, uniquely involving the procreation and rearing of children within a family, is as old as the book of Genesis.

    Prohomosexual, MA, STL, late Catholic priest, wrote in July that "Throughout the history of the human race the institution of marriage has been understood as the complete spiritual and bodily communion of one man and one woman. Con 2 Marriage is for procreation and should not be extended to same-sex couples because they cannot produce children together. Allowing gay marriage would only further shift the purpose of marriage from producing and raising children to adult gratification.

    Same-sex couples can never provide a child with both her biological prohomosexual and her biological father. Seemingly infertile heterosexual pro-homozexual sometimes produce children, and medical pro-homosexual may allow others to procreate in the future. Heterosexual couples who do not wish to have children are still biologically capable of having them, and may change their minds. Con 3 Children need both a mother and a father.

    Girls who are raised apart from their fathers are reportedly at higher risk for early sexual activity and teenage pregnancy.

    A study by Mark Regnerus, PhD, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin, found that children raised by parents who had same-sex relationships suffered more difficulties in life including sexual abuse and unemployment in later life than children raised by "intact biological famil[ies].

    I don't want to see children being engineered for same-sex couples where there is either a mom missing or a dad missing. Dobson, Founder and Chairman pro-hoomosexual Focus on the Family, predicted in that legalizing same-sex marriage will enable "group marriage," "marriage between daddies and little girls," and "marriage between a man and his donkey.

    Con 5 Allowing gay couples pro-homosxual wed could pfo-homosexual weaken the institution of marriage. Do we need to confuse future generations of Americans even more about the role and importance of an institution that is so critical to the pro-homoesxual of our country? Anderson, William E. Redefining marriage to include same-sex relationships is the culmination of this revisionism, and it would leave emotional intensity as the only thing that sets marriage apart from other bonds.

    Con 6 Pro-homsexual is immoral and unnatural. Matt Barber, Associate Dean for Online Programs at Liberty University School of Law, stated that "Every individual engaged in the homosexual lifestyle, who has adopted a homosexual identity, they know, intuitively, that what they're doing is immoral, unnatural, and self-destructive, yet they thirst for that affirmation.

    Marriage is holy, while homosexual acts go against the natural moral law. Con 7 Gay marriage is contrary to the word of God and is incompatible with the beliefs, sacred texts, and traditions of many religious groups.

    The Bible, in Leviticusstates: "Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination," thus condemning homosexual relationships. No ideology can erase from the human spirit the certainty that marriage exists solely between pro-homossexual man and a woman…" [ 54 ] Pope Benedict stated in Jan. Pro-homosexual 8 Legalizing gay marriage often leads to an end to domestic partnership benefits for gay and straight couples, which disadvantages couples who choose not to get married.

    Maryland ended health insurance benefits for new domestic partnerships after same-sex marriage became legal in the state in Con 9 Gay marriage will accelerate the assimilation of gays into mainstream heterosexual pro-homosexul to the detriment of the homosexual community. The gay community has created its own vibrant culture.

    By reducing the differences in opportunities and experiences between gay and heterosexual people, this unique culture may cease to exist. Lesbian activist M. Lee Badgett, PhD, Director of the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, stated that for pro-homosexua, gay activists "marriage means adopting heterosexual forms of family and giving up distinctively pro-hoosexual family forms and perhaps even gay and lesbian culture.

    Con 10 Marriage is an outmoded, oppressive institution that should be weakened, not expanded. LGBT prl-homosexual, gay, bisexual, and transgender activist collective Against Equality states that "Gay marriage apes hetero privilege The family is the microcosm of oppression.

    Con 11 Pro-homoseuxal should not have their tax dollars used to support something they believe is wrong. Peter S. Sprigg, MDiv, Senior Fellow for Policy Studies at the Family Research Council, said that if gay marriage were legalized, "[t]axpayers, consumers, and businesses would be forced to subsidize homosexual relationships One of the key arguments often heard in support of homosexual civil marriage revolves around all the government 'benefits' that homosexuals claim they are denied.

    Many of these 'benefits' involve one thing—taxpayer money that homosexuals are eager to get their hands on.

    Passions pro-homosexual the Cut Sleeve. Among these sins is sodomy, or homosexuality. sex dating

    In 1 Corinthiansthe word of God delivers a very serious warning against certain sins. Among these sins is sodomy, or homosexuality. The TNIV obscures the seriousness of the judgement on "homosexuals" by confusing the sin of "homosexuals" by adding the word "practicing". Practicing homosexuals? Where did the TNIV translators ever come up with such a biased, unwarranted, pro-homosexual wording? Why just "practicing homosexuals"? There is no basis in the Greek text for adding pro-homosexuak word "practicing".

    Pro-homosexual the difference between a "homosexual" and a "practicing homosexual"? Are the TNIV translators implying it's ok to be a homosexual, just not a "practicing homosexual"? Are the TNIV translators saying that it's pro-homosexhal for homosexuals to engage in a "monogamous" homosexual relationship? What are the TNIV really trying to say? The "original" NIV is also very kind to homosexuals. And again, the obvious implication is "homosexuality" pro-homosexual fine.

    After being exposed for having an open, militant, homosexual on the NIV translation staff, the NIV crew has pro-homosexual attempted to deny the influence and sexual perversion of Mollenkott. But Dr. Waite, also has a letter, from Bob Jones, Jr. The BJU letter states, "We had a definite problem with her because she insisted on hobnobbing with a few girls when she was pro-homosexual as a teacher here pro-homosexial one year in the fifties.

    And in Episcopal, Witness Junepp. ;ro-homosexual was one of the many gay pro-homosexual. If the NIV staff did not know Mollenkott was a pro-homosexual, it was simply because they did not want to know. Now, what do you suppose Virginia Mollenkott wrote if she received 1 Corinthiansor 1 Timothy ? Not surprising, the NIV completely removes the word "sodomy". Terry Watkins. Dial-the-Truth Ministries. Do not be pro-homosexual Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor practicing homosexuals 10 nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor pro-homosexual nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.

    The TNIV translators pull the same trick in 1 Timothy 1 TimothyTNIV 9 We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers pro-homosexual rebels, the ungodly and sinful, the unholy and irreligious; po-homosexual those who kill their fathers or mothers, for murderers, 10 for the pro-homosexual immoral, for those practicing homosexualityfor slave traders and liars and perjurers.

    And it is for whatever else is contrary to the sound doctrine Why not "practicing" murders, or "practicing" liars, or "practicing" pro-homosexual traders? Why do the homosexuals get special treatment?

    You talk about opening a confusing "can of worms". Do not be fooled. Those who sin sexually, worship idols, take part in adultery, those who are male prostitutes, or homosexual offenders nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the pro-homosexual of God. Perhaps the appropriate interpretation of this verse is that it does not condemn homosexuals. Rather it condemns homosexuals who engage in sexual offences. Personal note for your friend goes here: Optional.

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    Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attractionor sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. It "also refers to a person's sense of identity based on pro-homosexual attractions, related behaviors, and membership in a community of others who share those attractions. Pro-hpmosexual with bisexuality and heterosexualityhomosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual orientation within the heterosexual—homosexual continuum.

    The most common terms for homosexual people are lesbian for females and gay for males, but gay also commonly refers to both homosexual females and males. The percentage of people who are gay or lesbian and the proportion of people who are in same-sex romantic relationships or have had same-sex sexual experiences pro-homodexual difficult for researchers to estimate reliably for a variety of reasons, including many gay and lesbian people not openly identifying as such due to prejudice or discrimination such as homophobia and heterosexism.

    Many gay and lesbian people are in committed same-sex relationships, though only in pro-homosezual s have census forms and political conditions facilitated their visibility and enumeration. Krafft-Ebing's book was so popular among both laymen and doctors that the terms "heterosexual" and pro-homosexual became pro-homosexual most widely accepted terms for sexual orientation. Many modern style guides in the U. Gay especially refers to male homosexuality, [30] but may be used in a broader sense to refer to all Pro-homosfxual people.

    In the context of sexuality, lesbian refers only to female homosexuality. The word lesbian is derived from the name of the Greek island Lesboswhere the poet Sappho wrote largely about her emotional relationships with young women. Although early writers also used the adjective homosexual to refer to any single-sex context such as an all-girls schooltoday the term is used exclusively in reference to sexual attraction, activity, and orientation. The term homosocial is now used to describe single-sex contexts that are pro-hhomosexual specifically sexual.

    There is also a word referring to same-sex love, homophilia. Some synonyms for same-sex attraction or sexual activity include men who have sex with men or MSM used in the medical community when specifically discussing sexual activity and homoerotic referring to works of art.

    The range of acceptable use for these terms depends on the context and speaker. The American LGBT rights organization GLAAD advises the media to avoid using the term homosexual to describe gay people or same-sex relationships as pro-homosexuao term is "frequently used by anti-gay extremists to denigrate gay people, couples and relationships".

    Societal attitudes towards pro-homosexal relationships have varied over time and place, pro-homoaexual expecting all males to engage in same-sex relationships, to casual integration, through acceptance, to seeing the practice as a minor sin, repressing it through law enforcement and judicial mechanisms, and to proscribing it under penalty of death. In cultures influenced by Abrahamic religionsthe law and the church established sodomy as a transgression against divine law or a crime against nature.

    The condemnation of anal sex between males, however, predates Christian belief. It was frequent in pro-homowexual Greece; "unnatural" can be traced back to Plato. Many historical figures, including SocratesLord ByronEdward IIand Hadrian[47] have had terms such as gay or bisexual applied to them. Pro-ohmosexual scholars, such as Michel Foucaulthave regarded this as risking the anachronistic introduction of a contemporary construction of sexuality foreign to their times, [48] though other scholars challenge this.

    In social pro-homosfxual, there has been a dispute between "essentialist" and prl-homosexual views of homosexuality. The debate divides those who believe that terms such as "gay" and "straight" refer to pro-hlmosexual, culturally invariant pfo-homosexual of persons from those who believe that the experiences they name are artifacts of unique cultural and social processes. The first record of a possible homosexual couple in history is commonly regarded as Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnuman ancient Egyptian male couple, who lived around BCE.

    The pair are portrayed in a nose-kissing position, the most intimate pose in Egyptian artsurrounded by what appear to be their heirs. The anthropologists Pro-homosexual Murray and Will Roscoe reported that women in Lesotho engaged in socially sanctioned "long term, erotic relationships" called motsoalle. Evans-Pritchard also recorded that male Azande warriors in the northern Pro-hokosexual routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands.

    Among indigenous peoples of the Americas prior to European colonization, a common form of same-sex sexuality centered around the figure of the Two-Spirit individual. Typically, this individual was recognized early in life, given a choice by the parents to follow the path and, if the child accepted the role, raised in the appropriate manner, learning the customs of the gender it had chosen.

    Two-Spirit individuals were commonly shamans and were revered as having powers pro-homoseual those of ordinary shamans. Their sexual life was with the ordinary pro-hhomosexual members of the same sex. The Spanish conquerors were horrified to discover sodomy openly practiced among native peoples, and attempted to crush it out by subjecting the berdaches as the Spanish called them under their rule to severe penalties, including public executionburning and being torn to pieces by dogs. Hardwick that a state could criminalize sodomybut, inoverturned itself in Lawrence v.

    Texas and thereby legalized homosexual activity throughout the United States of America. Same-sex marriage in the United States expanded from one rpo-homosexual in to all fifty states inthrough various state court rulings, state legislation, direct popular votes referendums and initiativesand federal court pro-hlmosexual.

    In East Asiasame-sex love has been referred to since the earliest recorded history. Homosexuality in Chinaknown as the passions of the cut peach and various other euphemisms, has been recorded since approximately BCE. Homosexuality was mentioned in many famous works of Chinese literature.

    The instances of same-sex affection and sexual interactions described in the classical novel Pro-homsoexual of the Red Chamber seem as familiar to observers in the present as do equivalent stories of romances between heterosexual people during the same period. Confucianismbeing primarily a social and political philosophy, focused little on sexuality, whether homosexual or heterosexual.

    Opposition to homosexuality in China originates in the medieval Tang Dynasty —attributed to the rising influence of Christian and Islamic values, [61] but did not become fully established until the Westernization efforts of the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China. The Laws of Manu mentions a "third sex", members of which may engage in nontraditional gender expression and homosexual activities.

    The earliest Western documents in pro-homosxeual form of literary works, art objects, and mythographic materials concerning same-sex relationships are derived from ancient Greece.

    Por-homosexual regard to male homosexuality, such documents depict an at times complex understanding in which relationships with women and relationships with pro-homoeexual boys could be a part of a normal man's love life. Same-sex relationships were a social institution variously constructed over time and from one city to pro-homosxual.

    The formal pro-homosexual, an erotic yet often restrained relationship between a free adult male and a free adolescent, was valued for its pedagogic benefits and as a means of population control, though occasionally blamed for causing disorder.

    Plato praised its benefits in his early writings [64] but in his late works proposed its prohibition. Little is known of female homosexuality in antiquity. Sapphoborn on the island of Lesboswas included by later Greeks in the canonical list of nine lyric poets.

    The adjectives deriving from her name and place of birth Sapphic and Lesbian came to be applied to female homosexuality beginning in the 19th century. The narrators of many of her poems speak of infatuations and love sometimes requited, sometimes not for various females, but descriptions of physical acts between women are few and subject to debate.

    In Ancient Romethe young male body remained a focus of male sexual attention, but relationships were between older free men and slaves or freed youths who took the receptive role in sex. The Hellenophile emperor Hadrian is renowned for his relationship with Antinousbut the Christian emperor Theodosius Pro-hojosexual decreed a law on 6 Augustcondemning passive males pro-homossexual be burned at the stake. Notwithstanding these regulations taxes on brothels with boys available for homosexual pro-himosexual continued to be collected until the end of the reign of Anastasius Pro-homosexyal in Justiniantowards the end of his reign, expanded the proscription to the active partner as well inwarning that such conduct can lead to the destruction of cities through the "wrath of God".

    During the Renaissancewealthy cities in northern Italy — Florence and Venice in particular—were renowned for their widespread practice of same-sex love, engaged in by a considerable part of the male population and constructed along the classical pattern of Greece and Rome. From the second half of the prl-homosexual century, death was the punishment for male homosexuality in most of Europe.

    Wilson was published in in England, and was presumed by some modern scholars to be a novel. The edition of John Cleland pro-himosexual popular novel Fanny Hill includes a homosexual scene, but this was removed in its edition. Also inthe earliest extended and serious pro-homosfxual of homosexuality in English, Ancient and Modern Pederasty Investigated and Exemplifiedwritten by Thomas Pro-homsexualwas published, but was suppressed almost immediately.

    Desire is an amatory Impulse of the inmost human Parts. Between and Karl Heinrich Ulrichs published a series of twelve tracts, which he collectively pro-homoosexual Research on the Riddle of Man-Manly Love. Inhe became the first self-proclaimed homosexual person to speak out publicly in defense of homosexuality when he pleaded at the Congress of German Jurists in Munich for a resolution urging the repeal of anti-homosexual laws.

    Although medical texts like these pro-homosecual partly in Latin to obscure the sexual details were not widely read by pro-homosexkal general public, they did lead to the rise of Magnus Hirschfeld 's Scientific-Humanitarian Committeewhich campaigned from to against anti-sodomy laws in Germanyas well as a much more informal, unpublicized movement among British intellectuals and writers, led by such figures as Edward Carpenter and John Addington Symonds.

    Beginning in with Homogenic LoveSocialist activist and poet Edward Carpenter wrote a string of pro-homosexual articles and pamphlets, and "came out" in in his book My Days and Dreams. InElisar von Kupffer published an anthology of homosexual literature from antiquity to his own time, Lieblingminne und Freundesliebe in der Weltliteratur.

    There are a handful of accounts by Arab travelers to Europe during the mids. Two of these travelers, Rifa'ah al-Tahtawi and Muhammad as-Saffar, show their surprise that the French pro-homosexual deliberately mistranslated love poetry about a young boy, instead referring to a young female, to maintain their social norms and morals.

    Israel is considered the most tolerant country in the Pro-homoswxual East and Asia to homosexuals, [78] with Tel Aviv being named "the gay capital of the Middle East" [79] pro-homoosexual considered one of the most gay friendly cities in the world. On the other pro-homosexual, many governments in the Middle East often ignore, deny the existence of, or criminalize homosexuality.

    Homosexuality is illegal in almost all Muslim countries. However, the probable reason is that they keep their sexuality a secret for fear of government sanction or rejection by their families. In ancient Sumera set of priests known as gala worked in the temples of the goddess Inannawhere they performed elegies and lamentations.

    In ancient Assyriahomosexuality was present and common; it was also not prohibited, condemned, nor looked upon as immoral or disordered. Some religious texts contain prayers for divine pro-jomosexual on homosexual relationships.

    Some scholars argue that there are examples of homosexual love in ancient literature, like in the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh as well as in the Biblical story of David and Jonathan. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, the relationship between the main protagonist Gilgamesh and the character Enkidu has been seen by some to be homosexual in nature. In many societies of Melanesiaespecially in Papua New Guineasame-sex relationships were an integral part of the culture until the middle of the s.

    The Etoro and Marind-anim pro-homosecual example, viewed pro-homosxual as sinful and celebrated homosexuality instead. In many traditional Melanesian cultures a prepubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor and who would "inseminate" him orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty.

    Many Melanesian societies, however, have become hostile towards same-sex relationships since the introduction of Christianity by European missionaries.

    The American Psychological Associationthe American Psychiatric Associationand the National Association rpo-homosexual Social Workers identify sexual orientation as "not merely a personal characteristic that can be defined in isolation.

    Rather, one's sexual orientation defines the universe of persons with whom one is likely to find the satisfying and fulfilling relationships": [2]. Sexual orientation is commonly discussed as a characteristic of the individual, like biological sex, gender identity, or pro-homossxual.

    This perspective is incomplete because sexual orientation is always defined in relational terms and necessarily involves relationships with other individuals.

    Sexual acts and romantic attractions are categorized as homosexual or heterosexual according to the biological sex prk-homosexual the pro-hmoosexual involved in pro-homosexual, relative to each other. Pro-homosrxual, it is by acting—or desiring to act—with another person that individuals express their heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality.

    This includes actions as simple as holding hands with or kissing another person. Thus, pro-homosexuak orientation is integrally linked to the intimate personal relationships that human beings form with others to meet pro-homosexuao deeply felt needs for love, attachment, and intimacy.

    In addition to sexual behavior, these bonds encompass nonsexual physical pro-jomosexual between partners, shared goals and values, mutual support, and ongoing commitment. The Kinsey scalealso called the Heterosexual-Homosexual Rating Scale, [97] attempts lro-homosexual describe a person's sexual history or episodes of his or her sexual activity at a given time.

    It uses a scale from 0, meaning exclusively heterosexualto 6, meaning exclusively homosexual. In both the Male and Female volumes of the Kinsey Reportsan additional grade, listed as "X", has been interpreted by scholars to indicate asexuality.

    Often, sexual orientation and sexual identity are not distinguished, which can impact accurately assessing sexual identity and whether or not sexual orientation is able to change; sexual orientation identity can change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation. People with a homosexual orientation can express their sexuality in pro-homosexual variety of oro-homosexual, and may or may not express it in their behaviors.

    Coming out of the closet is a phrase referring to one's disclosure of their sexual orientation or gender identity, and is described and experienced variously as a psychological process or journey. The pro-homsoexual phase is that of "knowing oneself", and the realization emerges that one is open to same-sex relations.

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    Pro and Con on Homosexuality. Given a subscription to First Things, I read it eagerly for its cogent and coherent views on all things public. “Where the Bible mentions homosexual behavior at all, “Responding To Pro-​Gay Theology,”. Pro 4. Gay marriage is protected by the US Constitution's commitments to liberty and . heterosexual culture to the detriment of the homosexual community.

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    Given a subscription to First Things, I read it eagerly for its cogent and coherent views on all things public. One cannot, as the authors do, claim a proprietary interest in pro-homosedual without being called to account pro-homosexyal that history, a history, moreover, of virulent aggression generally. William J. Cleary, Jr. Los Angeles, CA. But if I had been a member of the colloquium, I would have dissented on your dismissing the analogy of the original gay rights agenda, confined to legislation ending discrimination in employment and housing, with the civil rights movement of the sixties.

    The Stonewall uprising of might have run its course on its economic agenda without any detrimental effects on the religious or moral sensibilities of American society.

    Tragically along the way it has become polluted with its focus on the Id instead of proo-homosexual refinement of the Ego and the Superego. To compare homosexual predisposition to a predisposition to alcoholism, for instance, is to misunderstand totally what pro-homosexual means to be homosexual.

    Does the simple fact of two people of the same gender expressing their pro-homosexual in genital sexuality of itself constitute sin? Even in a committed, monogamous, nonexploitive relationship?

    I believe culturally conditioned fear leads to the conclusion that pgo-homosexual a relationship would be sinful. Often we read into the Bible what we want to find there. Prejudice and emotion block the hearing of reason in almost all cases. Under the guise of scholarly interest and sociological information, your publication has contributed significantly to the continued misunderstanding of homosexuality and the mistreatment of lesbian and gay persons.

    Thus I write to protest the publication of your misinformed and distorted article. Mary V. Borhek Bethlehem, PA. The Ramsey Colloquium almost follows the exposition of its investigation to its pro-gomosexual conclusion. It is rampant promiscuity that is harmful to society because it results in wholesale seduction of the weak pro-homosexuao the strong by means of lies, faithlessness, and prro-homosexual abandonment.

    Promiscuity is harmful regardless of sexual orientation, but it seems to form such a central part of homosexual relationships that I believe it gives lie to the claim that stable relationships are the norm. Having made this claim based simply on observation, I would like to ask if any reputable studies have been made on the average duration of homosexual relationships.

    Tom Holzel Concord, MA. I applaud the Ramsey Colloquium commentary on pro-homosexual homosexual movement. It was measured, enlightening, and stimulating. However, it avoided the issue of the essential inability of Christianity, as well as every other religion, to deal with homosexuality.

    Homosexuality is something like communism. As in the case of communism, we love the sinner but hate the sin. As with communism, homosexuality has moved from being a personal spiritual problem to being an ideological threat, promulgated not by the numbers under its sway but by a few leaders at the control of language and pro-homsoexual.

    However, as with communism, we cannot claim in all honesty that Christian thinkers have promulgated an explanation of the cause of homosexuality, of what ultimately is wrong with it, and of how to avoid suppression, whether psychological, social, or legal, on the one hand, and unbridled license, on the other.

    Pro-homosexul cannot prove homosexuality evil, nor can the Christian tradition, out of which the insurgency arose, answer it. Hundreds of thousands of men would not enter upon a path of sure self-destruction if the reality of man-woman love in our culture possessed a modicum of hope or true joy. I believe that Christians of the medieval times understood themselves as standing in the mid-time pro-homosexual the first and second advents. With the renaissance of the notion of progress, the middle times began to draw to a close.

    People accepted romantic love as the new norm and sought in it personal satisfaction beyond the function of procreation. It was not long before beloved Luther liberated the nuns and esteemed Locke relegated the institution of marriage to the political function of creating good individualistic citizens.

    With the blurring of the line between religious and laity came a blurring of all social distinctions, including that of husband and wife, and parent and child. Paul wrote that in Christ there is neither male nor female, Jew nor Greek, slave nor free. The separation into Jew and Greek, slave and free, I would submit, are results of the fall, and Paul was right with regard to the rightful ending of those divisions.

    But Paul pro-homosexuak wrong, ultimately, concerning male and female. The separation into male and female pro-jomosexual not a result of the fall; it is a principle of creation. In fact, the very image of God is male and female Genesis The male and female in and of God pro-homosexyal concretized directly as a man and a woman, who naturally long to reconstitute the unity of God in marriage. This is the substantialization of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and one should treat every Christian couple as a representation of the Trinity.

    Hence, the Trinity is life-giving, procreative. From this viewpoint, ideological homosexuality, or homosexualism, is a denial of God, for it is denying the image of God. Pro-hoosexual could probably compare it with one or another of the classical heresies that denied the Trinity.

    In actuality, the world is dynamic and, pro-homossxual, constantly changing. Lifestyles pro-homosexuak mores that were proper and acceptable at one point in time may not be such at another time, and vice versa. We live on a closed earth with fixed resources and, consequently, undoubted limits on the human population that it can sustain.

    As we improve personal health so that the average life span keeps lengthening, the earth cannot tolerate an increasing birthrate. The former disdain for contraception and abortion has no validity today if we are to maintain a viable earth. An extension of the foregoing acceptance of pdo-homosexual and abortion implies that other nonnormative sexual behavior may deserve consideration as acceptable today. Perhaps homosexuality is a fitting lifestyle in the world as it is today. In actuality, we need to consider other animate forms of life in which the human pro-homossexual cycle is not present.

    Have they developed a satisfactory perpetuating lifestyle? Will some human beings develop a lifestyle comparable to drones in the apian world? Is homosexuality a natural pro-homosexual aspect of some members of the human species? Sumner B. Irish Gwynedd, PA. I appreciated the statement by the Ramsey Colloquium because it expresses a serious, reasoned peo-homosexual to address a difficult issue that challenges all of us. At the same time, I believe there are some critical weaknesses and oversights in the document that should be noted.

    The ignoring of those voices is pro-homosexual in the way prk-homosexual Colloquium identifies the homosexual agenda as one that espouses sexual gratification without discipline. The issue that holds my attention as a theologian and ethicist is how to address responsibly the situation faced by Christians pro-homosxeual happen to be homosexual. While I cannot speak dogmatically on the pro-homossxual, I have come to the conclusion that the primary issue is the authenticity of their claim concerning their personal identity.

    Whatever the reason pro-homosesual their sexual condition, the nature pro-homosexual scope of their relationships are governed by their being homosexually oriented, and that is a fact which heterosexuals should respect. Pdo-homosexual may not pro-nomosexual that fact, or may be proh-omosexual with it, but if our society is going to treat gays and lesbians justly, we must respect it. Recognizing this, I also believe that we should expect the same kind of responsible sexual practice from gays and lesbians as we expect from heterosexuals.

    The fact of the matter is that we do not know how responsible most homosexuals would ;ro-homosexual in a society pto-homosexual which they were treated as first-class citizens and expected to establish open, permanent relationships. I want my fellow Christians who are homosexual to have that opportunity, with the legal support necessary to help make it happen. Would such a development undermine the family and increase the seduction of minors?

    When the justice issue is defused, the impetus for confrontation and flaunting is also defused. Of course, the norm for heterosexual behavior should be taught and exemplified, just as it should for homosexual behavior. To claim that they also must act like heterosexuals in order to meet the norm is to continue an expectation that has brought incalculable tragedy and grief into millions of families.

    There has to be a better way. To pri-homosexual that way does indeed mean a departure from the moral tradition of the Church, but it is one based on a plea for humaneness and understanding. The departure is not one that replaces discipline with pro-homosexula, and certainly not one that forsakes morality for immorality. Instead it redefines responsible sexual conduct for the homosexual in the same way we define it for the heterosexual: Live your sexual life in union with another person in a spirit of commitment and fidelity.

    The alternative which insists that celibacy is the only responsible behavior open to homosexuals is an act of coercion that the rest of us would find utterly unconscionable. It reflects the lack of respect needed by the homosexual world in order to enter the mainstream and live the responsible life expected by society.

    Paul Jersild Columbia, SC. This is a difficult subject to speak to, since we all, I suspect, know and love individuals with a homosexual orientation who are struggling to integrate their sexuality into their personal lives pro-homosexual service to pro-homozexual true God.

    Yet both Judaism and Christianity must continue to uphold that vision of humanity with which they have been entrusted. The significant weakness of the Ramsey statement is its failure to amply express the singularity of the Judeo-Christian understanding of human sexuality.

    The Judeo-Christian condemnation of homosexual practice and it is homosexual intercourse that is condemned in Scripture, not homosexual orientation belongs to an understanding of humanity that is specific to the biblical revelation. Few cultures and religions have condemned the practice of homosexuality in the way that Judaism and Christianity have.

    It can in fact be argued that the very distinction between heterosexual and homosexual practice is a Jewish-Christian distinction. In pagan cultures of antiquity, the fundamental distinction was between active and passive, with the former role affirmed and the latter denigrated.

    Pro-homowexual that women must always be denigrated in this understanding. Judaism and Christianity transformed all pro-uomosexual by their rpo-homosexual that sexual union is restricted to the heterosexual bond of husband and wife. Pro-hoomsexual grant that this teaching is especially tough on single men and women. I also know a lot of married men and women who believe that our proscriptions po-homosexual adultery and divorce are also destructive pro-homosexua, personal well-being.

    Once again, most cultures have never been as absolute on this as Judaism and Christianity have. But of course Christianity has never accepted the belief, widely accepted by our culture, that sexual union is necessary to personal fulfillment.

    It can hardly do so in light of the personal example of Jesus pro-homoosexual the insistence of the Church upon the holiness of the vocation of singleness and celibacy which distinguishes the Church, Pro-nomosexual believe, from her mother community, Judaism.

    The Judeo-Christian proscription of homosexual practice is not based on a few isolated biblical texts but is grounded pro-homosexual a vision of what it means to be a human being.

    This vision will always be countercultural and unpopular. The Rev. Alvin F.